How to Convert Photos into JPEG format

How to Convert Photos into JPEG format

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The How to Convert Photos into JPEG format

JPEG is one of the many image formats we use online and probably the most popular. This is the default format for most websites, forums, blogs, and social media, so if you want to upload an image, chances are it will need to be in the JPEG format. This tutorial will show you how to convert any photo to JPEG.

JPEG and PNG are very common web formats. The PNG format is very good and works best with transparency and text-rich images, but can produce larger file sizes. JPEG is smaller but lossy so there are tradeoffs with both. As many websites prioritize page load speed over quality, they choose JPEG by default.

JPEG, or Joint Photographic Experts Group, as it is called, is a lossy image format that compresses the image to make it as small as possible. A balance is needed to maintain image quality with file size, but as a general rule, JPEG files are smaller than PNG. The only thing to remember about JPEG is that it is lossy. Each time you open, edit, and save, the image quality is slightly reduced. Otherwise, it’s a very useful format.

PNG, Portable Network Graphics, uses lossless compression to maintain image quality. This means that you can edit as much as you want without reducing the overall image quality. This does mean slightly larger file sizes, however, which is why JPEG is so popular online.

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Converting Images to JPEG

You can convert images to JPEG format using most image editors. You can also do the conversion online if you don’t have an image editor. Basically all you need to do is make all your edits in the native file format and then save it as a JPEG. Because JPEG is lossy, making changes before converting means you lose as little quality as possible. What you get should be a good quality image with a file size small enough to be usable online.

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Convert Photo to JPEG on Windows

Windows 10 native Photos app cannot convert file formats. You will need a photo editing app to do this. There are a lot of them, but I usually suggest Paint.net or GIMP. Both are free and work well for managing images and performing edits and conversions.

A typical process would be like this:

  1. Open your image in your image editor.
  2. Make any changes or edits and save them in the original format.
  3. Change the size of the image if necessary.
  4. Select Save As and select JPEG as the file format in the save window.

Depending on the editor you are using, you should see a small radio box below the file name in the save window. It should have an option for JPG / JPEG. Select that and save the image. JPG and JPEG are the same thing, so if you only have one option, you’re fine.

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Convert Photo to JPEG on Mac

Mac is better equipped to handle images than Windows, which makes sense given its popularity with creatives. You can use Preview to make basic edits and change the file format. The awesome but expensive Photoshop would also work if you have a copy of it.

  1. Open the image in Preview.
  2. Make any changes and resize if necessary.
  3. Select Export.
  4. Give the image a name and select JPEG as the format.
  5. Select the highest possible image quality.
  6. Select Save.

You should now have two copies of your image. The original in its original format and a JPEG version.

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Image quality versus file size

If you plan to use your images online, you need to balance file size with image quality. File size means the size of the actual image file, not the size of the image itself. So when you see the file in a folder and it says “155KB”, that’s the size of the file. The lower the number, the faster the online upload. With page speed now essential on the web, most websites will specify a maximum file size to use.

The higher the image quality, the larger the file size will be. This makes sense because the image will contain more data to provide that quality which has a “weight”. The quality of the image combined with the size of the image will determine the size of the file.

Reducing the image quality will also reduce the file size. It’s a delicate balance. You want the image to be the smallest possible file size, but also of sufficiently high quality. It takes a bit of experimentation and is a much bigger topic than this tutorial. This website has a lot more details about file size and image quality and is worth reading.

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Benefits: How to Convert Photos into JPEG format

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FAQ: How to Convert Photos into JPEG format

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