How to Setting up a Microsoft SQL Server Database in Docker on Linux

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Check How to Setting up a Microsoft SQL Server Database in Docker on Linux

Starting with SQL Server, MSSQL professionals can take advantage of containerization. Whether we’re consolidating multiple workloads onto a single server or simply want to provide consistent environments for our developers, deploying SQL Server through containers may be the solution we’re looking for. Microsoft SQL Server is a robust and widely used database management system (DBMS). Traditionally, SQL Server databases have been deployed on dedicated servers or virtual machines, but Docker has changed all that.

In this hands-on exercise, we will use Docker to work with the latest version of SQL Server. Basic knowledge of Docker and Microsoft SQL Server is recommended. This blog post will explain how to install and configure the SQL Server Docker container on a Linux machine. Microsoft recently started supporting running SQL Server on Linux, and the whole process is done in just a few steps.

Advantages of running SQL Server on Docker

If you’re a software engineer considering whether to run SQL Server on Docker, here are some of the benefits Docker offers:

  • Cost-effective and lightweight – You don’t need to set up a dedicated server or virtual machine.
  • Docker is relatively easy to install and configure.
  • You can easily automate the deployment and configuration process with scripts.
  • Docker allows you to easily create consistent environments, and you can use the same Docker image on any operating system, including macOS, Windows, or Linux.

Get SQL Server Docker Image

  • You need Docker version 1.8 or later to configure SQL Server in Docker. If you are using Ubuntu Linux, you can find instructions on how to install Docker here. See the official Docker website for information on how to install Docker on other Linux distributions.
  • Pull the SQL Server Docker image from the official Microsoft Docker repository with the following command. Docker first looks for the image on your PC, and if it doesn’t find it locally, it looks for the image in remote repositories over the Internet.
    • sudo docker pull

Run the Docker image

  • Once the docker image has finished downloading, you can list or view all the docker images on your PC by running the following command:
  • If your SQL Server image is listed, then you are ready to run it. But before you do, here are some Docker command parameters to be aware of.

Description of Docker command parameters

  • -e “ACCEPT_EULA=Y” – used to accept the terms of the End User License Agreement
  • -e “SA_PASSWORD=Adminxyz22#” – Used to set the SA password of the Docker image. In this case, the password is set to Adminxyz22#.
  • Be sure to use a strong password that is at least eight characters long.
  • -p 1433:1433 – By default, SQL Server runs on port 1433. This parameter simply says: use port 1433 on the host machine to connect to port 1433 on the Docker image.
  • –name – Use this option to specify a name for your docker image; otherwise Docker will generate a random name for you.
  • –hostname – Use this option to assign a hostname to your SQL server. Docker will generate a random hostname if you don’t assign one.

Connect to SQL server from Docker container

  • You can connect to the SQL Server instance in Docker using SQL Server clients such as command line, Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio, Azure Data Studio, etc. Azure Data Studio is lightweight and available on macOS, Windows, and Linux. Here’s how to install Azure Data Studio on Ubuntu.
  • Let’s use the Ubuntu terminal to connect to the SQL server running on Docker. First, run the following command to access the docker container terminal:
    • sudo docker exec -it sql1 “bash”
  • Once you’ve accessed the interactive terminal on the Docker image, run the following command to connect to SQL Server:
    • /opt/mssql-tools/bin/sqlcmd -S localhost -U SA -P “Adminxyz22#”
  • Once connected, you can list the available databases using the command:
    • SELECT Name FROM sys.Databases

Final words: How to Setting up a Microsoft SQL Server Database in Docker on Linux

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Editorial Staff
Editorial Staff
The Bollyinside editorial staff is made up of tech experts with more than 10 years of experience Led by Sumit Chauhan. We started in 2014 and now Bollyinside is a leading tech resource, offering everything from product reviews and tech guides to marketing tips. Think of us as your go-to tech encyclopedia!


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