Stroke patients benefit from a physical therapy program that uses the Nintendo Wii device to restore its functionality and balance.

Stroke patients benefit from a physical therapy program that uses the Nintendo Wii device to restore its functionality and balance.

A study by the Faculty of Physiotherapy of the University of Valencia (UV), in collaboration with the Autonomous University of Madrid, has shown that a physiotherapy program that uses the Nintendo Wii console improves the functionality, balance and daily activities of patients who have suffered a cerebrovascular accident or stroke.

The article explains that when the virtual reality of the Wii is added to conventional physiotherapy techniques, the benefits are significant in stroke patients. In addition to improvements in functionality and balance, the study shows that the physiotherapy programme using the Wii helps to improve the daily activities of cerebrovascular accident patients.

The research, published in the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA), uses an innovative and efficient, low-cost method compared to more conventional physiotherapy techniques.

Previous studies had already shown that the Wii can help conventional treatment to improve the functionality of some chronic diseases, but there was, until now, little evidence in people who had suffered strokes.

As the study explains, these video games allow therapists to design rehabilitation programs that improve the principles of brain plasticity.

The research split 29 patients into two groups based on whether they used the Wii and conventional techniques or whether they only performed traditional physiotherapy exercises. “The sample is relatively large considering it is comprised by patients who suffered strokes, as because they have many physical limitations, their treatment is usually much more individualised than that of other pathologies”, says the author.

But not only that, the console provides real-time answers in terms of performance and progress, which can increase patient motivation, fun, and adherence to treatment. “It should betaken into account that some patients have not performed any exercise before, regardless of the pathology they have, so being presented as a game can be an incentive”, says Marqués.

Another benefit of the Wii that the researcher points out is that it is easy to use, relatively affordable and, most importantly, can be used individually and at home, without having to travel to a rehab centre. As the Physiotherapy teacher points out, this has been very helpful especially during the confinement.

However, this study only marks one of the first endeavours when it comes to console research as a physiotherapeutic option. It can be used with patients with other pathologies, “because it allows you to work the balance with the console table, both in the chronic phase and in the subacute phase”, says Marqués. One of the most common tools on the Wii is the remote control, but another feature of the console is a balance table that detects weight transfer by reflecting it in an avatar on the screen, which allows the patient to observe his/her own movements and generate positive feedback.

News Summary:

  • Stroke patients benefit from a physical therapy program that uses the Nintendo Wii device to restore its functionality and balance.
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