Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) is a term that covers numerous disciplines, including mapping, image analysis, and intelligence from imagery. Though associated with the military, GEOINT has many practical uses in the commercial sector, such as tracking the spread of avian influenza outbreaks by mapping the location of poultry farms with feature extraction algorithms. Advanced geospatial intelligence (AGI) is being increasingly used in the private and civilian sectors in areas like telecommunications, transportation, public health and safety, and real estate to improve quality of life. AGI applies advanced computer algorithms to make non-literal information visual and incorporates collection methods beyond traditional electro-optical imaging.
FAQs about Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT)
What is Geospatial Intelligence?
Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) is a field that involves the collection, analysis, and visualization of spatial data. This data can come from a variety of sources, including satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and other geospatial data. GEOINT is used to support various activities, including military operations, disaster response, and urban planning.
How is Geospatial Intelligence used?
Geospatial intelligence is used in a variety of ways, including:
- Military operations and intelligence gathering
- Disaster response and recovery
- Environmental monitoring and management
- Infrastructure planning and development
- Urban planning and development
What is Advanced Geospatial Intelligence (AGI)?
Advanced geospatial intelligence (AGI) is a specialized form of geospatial intelligence that involves the use of advanced algorithms and processes to analyze and visualize spatial data. AGI is used to support a variety of activities, including military operations, disaster response, and infrastructure planning.
How is AGI used with commercial imagery?
AGI has many practical uses when applied to commercial imagery. For example, image scientists can apply AGI algorithms to a commercial image of a chemical spill and then look for vegetation damage to assess the destruction caused by that spill. AGI has also been used to track the spread of avian influenza outbreaks by mapping the location of poultry farms using feature extraction algorithms.
What collection methods are used in AGI?
Information collected by AGI methods includes infrared, spectral, thermal infrared, synthetic aperture radar, and multispectral data.
What is the role of geospatial analysts in GEOINT?
Geospatial analysts derive geospatial intelligence from space data sources to include sensors equipped on satellites or aircraft. Images are a common source of spatial information as they contain spatial metadata and visual information. Additionally, GEOINT comes from people using advanced tools and sensors to identify this information and perform analysis to answer intelligence questions, make predictions, or improve understanding.