Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) is a runtime environment developed by Microsoft that enables running high-level language programs on different computer systems without making any changes in the application code. It is based on Microsoft .NET framework and is an open specification standardized by ISO/IEC and ECMA 335, which means it is platform independent. Several implementations of CLI exist, including the .NET Framework, .NET, and Mono.
How Does CLI Work?
CLI compiles the application as Intermediate Language (IL), which is then automatically compiled into native system code by the runtime environment. This enables applications to run on different computing platforms without needing to be rewritten for specific architectures. The Common Type System (CTS) and Common Language Specification (CLS) are included in the CLI to ensure that the code is compatible across different programming languages.
What Are the Benefits of CLI?
- Platform independence
- Compatibility with different programming languages
- No need for application code to be modified for different computing systems
- Optimized runtime performance
What Are the Components of CLI?
CLI consists of the following major components:
- Common Type System (CTS): Defines the data types used in CLI.
- Common Language Specification (CLS): Ensures language interoperability. It defines the rules that CLI-compliant languages must follow to interoperate with other CLI-compliant languages.
- Just-in-time (JIT) compiler: Compiles IL into machine code at runtime.
- Metadata: Describes types, methods, properties, and events in the code for runtime use.
CLI is a powerful runtime environment that enables running high-level language programs on different computer systems without modifying the application code. It offers platform independence, a common type system, and a common language specification that ensures language interoperability. CLI is widely used in the development of cross-platform applications and is expected to become an ECMA standard.
What is .NET Framework?
The Microsoft .NET Framework is a software framework used by developers to create applications for Windows computers. It consists of a large library of pre-coded solutions and a common language runtime that manages the execution of code written in any .NET language.
What is the difference between .NET and CLI?
.NET is a Microsoft software framework used for developing Windows-based applications, while CLI is a runtime environment that enables running high-level language programs on different computer systems without modifying the application code. .NET is an implementation of CLI.
What is Mono?
Mono is an open-source implementation of CLI that enables running .NET applications on different operating systems, including Linux, macOS, and Windows. It is designed to be compatible with Microsoft .NET and offers a cross-platform development environment for .NET developers.
Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) is an innovative runtime environment that enables running high-level language programs on different computer systems without modifying the application code. Its platform independence, common type system, and common language specification make it an ideal choice for developing cross-platform applications.