What isEncapsulated PostScript

Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) is a graphics file format that was created by Adobe’s co-founders in 1987. It is a PostScript document format that follows the Document Structuring Convention (DSC) and can be used to describe an image or drawing.

How does EPS work?

An EPS file is essentially a self-contained PostScript program that is saved as a single file. It includes a low-resolution preview image embedded within itself, which allows some programs to display the image on the screen. EPS files can be inserted into other PostScript documents and can be used to illustrate an example for other PostScript language page descriptions.

Why is EPS important?

EPS is considered the standard format for importing and exporting PostScript language files in all contexts. It allows for a mix of text, graphics, and images to be included in a single file, making it an efficient way to describe an image or drawing. It is widely supported by most graphics software and can be used across different platforms.

Limitations of EPS

Although EPS files are practical for their purpose, they do have some limitations. EPS files do not support transparency, and their resolution is limited to the resolution of the embedded preview image. Additionally, EPS files can contain only one page description and cannot contain spot colors.


Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) is a widely used format for describing images or drawings in a self-contained file. Despite its limitations, it is a practical and efficient way to share files between different platforms and is the standard format for importing and exporting PostScript language files.

Frequently Asked Questions

What software can open EPS files?

EPS files can be opened with a wide range of software, including Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, and CorelDRAW, among others.

Can EPS files be edited?

Yes, most graphics software allows for editing EPS files, making it a popular choice for designers and publishers.

Is EPS still relevant in modern design workflows?

Yes, even with newer file formats being introduced, EPS remains a crucial format for professionals working with graphics and design, and print publishing workflows.

Try Smallpdf’s free online EPS to PDF converter

If you need to convert your EPS files to PDF or another format, Smallpdf offers a range of free online tools to help you quickly and easily convert, compress, and edit your files.

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