Frequency Modulation (FM) is a method of transmitting information on a specific signal by varying the frequency of the carrier wave based on the frequency of the modulating signal. This technology is widely used in telecommunications, signal processing, and computing.
In analog frequency modulation like radio broadcasting, the audio signals representing voice or music are modulated onto the carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave. The frequency deviation between the carrier frequency and its center frequency has a functional relationship with the amplitude of the modulating signal.
In FM, the amplitude of the modulated signal remains constant, and only the frequency of the carrier wave changes based on the input signal. This technique helps in transmitting data over a short distance without any loss. The FM index is more than 1, which requires high bandwidth in the range of 200 kHz and works in the very high frequency range of 88 to 108 Megahertz.
FM technology has a complex circuitry with an infinite number of sidebands, which allows reception of high-quality signals with superior sound quality. The technology is widely used in radio and television broadcasting, mobile communication, and radar systems.
How is FM different from AM?
In AM or amplitude modulation, the amplitude of the carrier wave varies based on the input signal. Whereas, in FM, the frequency of the carrier wave changes based on the input signal, and the amplitude of the modulated signal remains constant.
What is the bandwidth of FM radio?
The bandwidth of FM radio is around 200 kHz.
Which industries use FM technology?
FM technology is widely used in telecommunications, signal processing, computing, mobile communication, radio and television broadcasting, and radar systems.
What are the advantages of FM technology?
The advantages of FM technology include superior sound quality, resistance to noise and interference, and the ability to transmit signals over long distances with low power.
What is the FM Index?
The Frequency Modulation Index (FM Index) is a parameter that describes how much the frequency of the carrier wave changes in response to the modulating signal. An FM index of more than 1 indicates that the carrier wave frequency is changing more rapidly than the modulating signal.
Frequency Modulation is an essential technology that has transformed signal processing and telecommunication industry. With the ability to transmit signals over long distances with low power and resistance to noise, FM technology has become an integral part of mobile communication, TV, and radio broadcasting. Understanding the principles of FM technology is crucial for anyone interested in signal processing and telecommunications.