What isNational Information Infrastructure

The National Information Infrastructure was the American government’s approach to overseeing advanced technologies. The Clinton/Gore administration strongly supported the internet and advocated for private funding and equal access for all.

FAW: Introduction to National Information Infrastructure

The National Information Infrastructure (NII) is an approach taken by the American government to oversee the nation’s advanced technologies. This initiative was a key priority for the Clinton/Gore administration (1993-2001), and they were strongly supportive of the internet and its role in shaping the future of the United States.

The NII was designed to ensure that all Americans would have affordable access to advanced technology and the benefits that come with it. This initiative sought to create an environment where private funding and equal access were available to both the wealthy and the underprivileged.


In essence, the NII is a system of interconnected computer networks and other communication systems that provide access to a wide range of information to users nationwide. It encompasses everything from computer systems, databases, and software to communication networks and developing technologies like virtual reality, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things (IoT).

The primary goal of the NII was to create a digital infrastructure that would support economic growth, empower individuals, and enhance social well-being. This initiative was crucial for driving innovation, increasing access to resources, and expanding the reach of information and communication technologies across the United States and beyond.

The NII is built on a set of principles that aim to promote modernization, enhance communication and collaboration, and support innovation. Key components of this initiative include high-speed communication links, improved information security, increased access to research and development, and expanded training and education programs for technology professionals and the general public.

Implementing NII

The implementation of the NII was a complex and multifaceted process that involved collaboration between the government, private sector, and academia. The administration under Clinton/Gore recognized the need for a coordinated effort to develop and implement the NII, and they worked tirelessly to create an environment that was conducive to technological innovation and growth.

One of the key initiatives under this approach was the development of the High-Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) program. This program was designed to create a national network of high-speed communication links that would provide researchers and scientists with access to the necessary tools and resources for conducting advanced research in areas like weather forecasting, health care, and defense.

The Clinton/Gore administration also recognized the importance of education and training in the technology sector. As a result, they created programs like the Information Technology for Everyone (ITFE) initiative, which provided funding and resources for training programs and resources to improve digital literacy across the nation. This program aimed to bridge the digital divide and ensure that all Americans had access to the tools they needed to succeed in a modern, technology-driven world.


Overall, the National Information Infrastructure was a critical initiative that has had a profound impact on the modern technological landscape in the United States. It was built on a set of principles that aimed to promote innovation, enhance communication and collaboration, and support the growth and expansion of technology across the nation.

While the NII may have started as a government initiative, it has ultimately been successful due to the collaboration and coordination between the government, private sector, and academic institutions. It has allowed the United States to remain at the forefront of technological innovation and has contributed significantly to the nation’s economic growth and social well-being.

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